Erlo

JVM系列【6】GC与调优5-日志分析

时间:2020-10-18   阅读:9次   来源:博客园
页面报错
点赞

JVM系列笔记目录

  • 虚拟机的基础概念
  • class文件结构
  • class文件加载过程
  • jvm内存模型
  • JVM常用指令
  • GC与调优

主要内容

分析PS、CMS、G1的回收日志,目标使大概能读懂GC日志。

测试程序

java的版本是1.8,测试思路是用死循环中不停分配1M大小的数组 ,这样在启动时候指定较小的您内存空间,很快就会产生GC。

import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.List;

public class HelloGC {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("HelloGC!");
        List list = new LinkedList();
        for(;;) {
            // 死循环中不停分配1M大小的数组 
            byte[] b = new byte[1024*1024];
            list.add(b);
        }
    }
}

PS日志分析

  1. 启动命令:java -Xmn10M -Xms40M -Xmx60M -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -XX:+PrintGC -XX:+Us eParallelGC -XX:+PrintGCDetails HelloGC。指定JVM醉倒内存为60M,初始内存为40M,年轻代的大小是10M,-XX:+UseParallelGC指定垃圾回收器为PS+PO,-XX:+PrintGCDetails打印出详细的GC回收日志。

  2. 日志

    D:>java -Xmn10M -Xms40M -Xmx60M -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -XX:+PrintGC -XX:+UseParallelGC   -XX:+PrintGCDetails  HelloGC
    -XX:InitialHeapSize=41943040 -XX:MaxHeapSize=62914560 -XX:MaxNewSize=10485760 -XX:NewSize=10485760 -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -XX:+PrintGC -XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+UseCompresse
    dClassPointers -XX:+UseCompressedOops -XX:-UseLargePagesIndividualAllocation -XX:+UseParallelGC
    HelloGC!
    [GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 7292K->784K(9216K)] 7292K->6936K(39936K), 0.0035951 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    [GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 8112K->840K(9216K)] 14264K->14160K(39936K), 0.0034203 secs] [Times: user=0.03 sys=0.06, real=0.00 secs]
    
    [GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 8160K->736K(9216K)] 21481K->21224K(39936K), 0.0038512 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    
    [GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 8059K->832K(9216K)] 28547K->28488K(39936K), 0.0031367 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    
    [Full GC (Ergonomics) [PSYoungGen: 832K->0K(9216K)] [ParOldGen: 27656K->28287K(46080K)] 28488K->28287K(55296K), [Metaspace: 2710K->2710K(1056
    768K)], 0.0172805 secs] [Times: user=0.02 sys=0.00, real=0.02 secs]
    [GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 7325K->224K(8704K)] 35612K->35679K(54784K), 0.0034935 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    
    [GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 7542K->1248K(8704K)] 42997K->42847K(54784K), 0.0032856 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs
    ]
    [Full GC (Ergonomics) [PSYoungGen: 1248K->0K(8704K)] [ParOldGen: 41599K->42623K(51200K)] 42847K->42623K(59904K), [Metaspace: 2710K->2710K(105
    6768K)], 0.0056374 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.01 secs]
    [GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 6278K->1216K(8704K)] 48902K->48960K(59904K), 0.0034283 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs
    ]
    [Full GC (Ergonomics) [PSYoungGen: 1216K->0K(8704K)] [ParOldGen: 47744K->48768K(51200K)] 48960K->48768K(59904K), [Metaspace: 2710K->2710K(105
    6768K)], 0.0044365 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    [Full GC (Ergonomics) [PSYoungGen: 6272K->4096K(8704K)] [ParOldGen: 48768K->50816K(51200K)] 55040K->54912K(59904K), [Metaspace: 2710K->2710K(
    1056768K)], 0.0060174 secs] [Times: user=0.09 sys=0.02, real=0.01 secs]
    [Full GC (Ergonomics) [PSYoungGen: 6268K->6144K(8704K)] [ParOldGen: 50816K->50816K(51200K)] 57084K->56960K(59904K), [Metaspace: 2710K->2710K(
    1056768K)], 0.0043812 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    [Full GC (Allocation Failure) [PSYoungGen: 6144K->6144K(8704K)] [ParOldGen: 50816K->50803K(51200K)] 56960K->56948K(59904K), [Metaspace: 2710K
    ->2710K(1056768K)], 0.0164153 secs] [Times: user=0.09 sys=0.00, real=0.02 secs]
    Exception in thread "main" java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space
            at HelloGC.main(HelloGC.java:9)
    Heap
     PSYoungGen      total 8704K, used 6385K [0x00000000ff600000, 0x0000000100000000, 0x0000000100000000)
      eden space 7168K, 89% used 0x00000000ff600000,0x00000000ffc3c518,0x00000000ffd00000)
      from space 1536K, 0% used [0x00000000ffd00000,0x00000000ffd00000,0x00000000ffe80000)
      to   space 1536K, 0% used [0x00000000ffe80000,0x00000000ffe80000,0x0000000100000000)
     ParOldGen       total 51200K, used 50803K [0x00000000fc400000, 0x00000000ff600000, 0x00000000ff600000)
      object space 51200K, 99% used [0x00000000fc400000,0x00000000ff59cfd0,0x00000000ff600000)
     Metaspace       used 2739K, capacity 4486K, committed 4864K, reserved 1056768K
      class space    used 304K, capacity 386K, committed 512K, reserved 1048576K
    
    
    • YGC分析

file

file

file

CMS日志

回顾一下CMS回收主要4个阶段:初始标记、并发标记、最终标记、并发回收。

补充一个Card Table的概念

由于做YGC时,需要扫描整个OLD区,效率非常低,所以JVM设计了CardTable, 如果一个OLD区CardTable中某个Card有对象指向Y区,就将它设为Dirty,下次扫描时,只需要扫描Dirty Card。在结构上,Card Table用BitMap来实现。

  1. 启动命令java -Xmn20M -Xmx20M -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -XX:+PrintGC -XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC HelloGC。参数 -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC指定使用CMS垃圾回收器。

  2. 日志分析

    • YGC

      [GC (Allocation Failure) [ParNew: 6144K->640K(6144K), 0.0265885 secs] 6585K->2770K(19840K), 0.0268035 secs] [Times: user=0.02 sys=0.00, real=0.02 secs]

      ParNew:年轻代收集器

      6144->640:收集前后的对比

      (6144):整个年轻代容量

      6585 -> 2770:整个堆的情况

      (19840):整个堆大小

    • CMS的回收

      // 初始标记
      //8511 (13696) : 老年代使用(最大)
      //9866 (19840) : 整个堆使用(最大)
      [GC (CMS Initial Mark) [1 CMS-initial-mark: 8511K(13696K)] 9866K(19840K), 0.0040321 secs] [Times: user=0.01 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs] 
      
      //并发标记 这里的时间意义不大,因为是并发执行
      [CMS-concurrent-mark-start]
      [CMS-concurrent-mark: 0.018/0.018 secs] [Times: user=0.01 sys=0.00, real=0.02 secs] 
      
      // 标记Card为Dirty,也称为Card Marking
      [CMS-concurrent-preclean-start]
      [CMS-concurrent-preclean: 0.000/0.000 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs] 
      
      //最终标记 STW阶段
      //YG occupancy:年轻代占用及容量
      //[Rescan (parallel):STW下的存活对象标记
      //weak refs processing: 弱引用处理
      //class unloading: 卸载用不到的class
      //scrub symbol(string) table: 官方的解释cleaning up symbol and string tables which //hold class-level metadata and internalized string respectively
      //CMS-remark: 8511K(13696K): 阶段过后的老年代占用及容量
      //10108K(19840K): 阶段过后的堆占用及容量
      [GC (CMS Final Remark) [YG occupancy: 1597 K (6144 K)][Rescan (parallel) , 0.0008396 secs][weak refs processing, 0.0000138 secs][class unloading, 0.0005404 secs][scrub symbol table, 0.0006169 secs][scrub string table, 0.0004903 secs][1 CMS-remark: 8511K(13696K)] 10108K(19840K), 0.0039567 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs] 
      
      // 最终标记 标记已经完成,进行并发清理
      [CMS-concurrent-sweep-start]
      [CMS-concurrent-sweep: 0.005/0.005 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.01 secs] 
      
      //重置内部结构,为下次GC做准备
      [CMS-concurrent-reset-start]
      [CMS-concurrent-reset: 0.000/0.000 secs] [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
      
      

G1日志

回顾一下,G1是分region回收的,有YGC、MixedGC(类似CMS)、FGC。

官方提供了 Garbage First Garbage Collector Tuning, 可以参考。

  1. 启动命令java -Xms20M -Xmx20M -XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC HelloGC,其中-XX:+UseG1GC指定使用G1。

  2. 日志分析

    //GC暂停
    // (G1 Humongous Allocation) (young) 大对象分配
    // initial-mark初始标记,这里是YGC混合老年代回收MixedGC
    [GC pause (G1 Humongous Allocation) (young) (initial-mark), 0.0026947 secs]
    
    //这是一个GC线程 多线程回收的
       [Parallel Time: 2.1 ms, GC Workers: 8]
          [GC Worker Start (ms): Min: 137.2, Avg: 137.2, Max: 137.3, Diff: 0.1]
          [Ext Root Scanning (ms): Min: 0.0, Avg: 0.4, Max: 0.6, Diff: 0.6, Sum: 3.5]
          // 更新Rset
          [Update RS (ms): Min: 0.0, Avg: 0.0, Max: 0.0, Diff: 0.0, Sum: 0.0]
             [Processed Buffers: Min: 0, Avg: 0.0, Max: 0, Diff: 0, Sum: 0]
          [Scan RS (ms): Min: 0.0, Avg: 0.0, Max: 0.0, Diff: 0.0, Sum: 0.0]
          [Code Root Scanning (ms): Min: 0.0, Avg: 0.0, Max: 0.2, Diff: 0.2, Sum: 0.2]
          //拷贝存活对象
          [Object Copy (ms): Min: 1.1, Avg: 1.2, Max: 1.3, Diff: 0.2, Sum: 9.7]
          [Termination (ms): Min: 0.0, Avg: 0.1, Max: 0.1, Diff: 0.1, Sum: 0.5]
             [Termination Attempts: Min: 1, Avg: 1.0, Max: 1, Diff: 0, Sum: 8]
          [GC Worker Other (ms): Min: 0.1, Avg: 0.3, Max: 0.7, Diff: 0.6, Sum: 2.1]
          [GC Worker Total (ms): Min: 2.0, Avg: 2.0, Max: 2.0, Diff: 0.1, Sum: 16.0]
          [GC Worker End (ms): Min: 139.2, Avg: 139.3, Max: 139.3, Diff: 0.0]
       [Code Root Fixup: 0.0 ms]
       [Code Root Purge: 0.0 ms]
       [Clear CT: 0.1 ms]
       [Other: 0.5 ms]
          [Choose CSet: 0.0 ms]
          [Ref Proc: 0.1 ms]
          [Ref Enq: 0.0 ms]
          [Redirty Cards: 0.1 ms]
          [Humongous Register: 0.0 ms]
          [Humongous Reclaim: 0.0 ms]
          [Free CSet: 0.0 ms]
       [Eden: 2048.0K(12.0M)->0.0B(4096.0K) Survivors: 0.0B->1024.0K Heap: 5122.1K(20.0M)->4880.1K(20.0M)]
     [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.01 secs]
     // 以下是MixedGC的其它阶段 类似CMS
    [GC concurrent-root-region-scan-start]
    [GC concurrent-root-region-scan-end, 0.0008043 secs]
    [GC concurrent-mark-start]
    [GC concurrent-mark-end, 0.0001578 secs]
    [GC remark [Finalize Marking, 0.0001140 secs] [GC ref-proc, 0.0001270 secs] 
    
    // 卸载
    [Unloading, 0.0011719 secs], 0.0017205 secs]
     [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
     // 清理
    [GC cleanup 8034K->8034K(20M), 0.0004763 secs]
     [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    
    //其它的GC线程类似
    ......
    
    //无法分配进行FGC
    [Full GC (Allocation Failure)  9855K->9842K(20M), 0.0029134 secs]
       [Eden: 0.0B(1024.0K)->0.0B(1024.0K) Survivors: 0.0B->0.0B Heap: 9855.3K(20.0M)->9843.0K(20.0M)], [Metaspace: 2710K->2710K(1056768K)]
     [Times: user=0.00 sys=0.00, real=0.00 secs]
    [GC concurrent-mark-abort]
    Exception in thread "main" java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space
            at HelloGC.main(HelloGC.java:9)
            
    // 堆空间的情况
    Heap
     garbage-first heap   total 20480K, used 9842K [0x00000000fec00000, 0x00000000fed000a0, 0x0000000100000000)
      region size 1024K, 1 young (1024K), 0 survivors (0K)
     Metaspace       used 2739K, capacity 4486K, committed 4864K, reserved 1056768K
      class space    used 304K, capacity 386K, committed 512K, reserved 1048576K
    
    

总结

本篇对PS、CMS、G1的日志进行了较为详细的分析,基本可以参照着看懂垃圾回收的的过程。

知识分享,转载请注明出处。学无先后,达者为先!

提交留言

评论留言

还没有评论留言,赶紧来抢楼吧~~

吐槽小黑屋()

* 这里是“吐槽小黑屋”,所有人可看,只保留当天信息。

  • Erlo吐槽

    Erlo.vip2020-10-22 19:33:47Hello、欢迎使用吐槽小黑屋,这就是个吐槽的地方。
  • 返回顶部