Erlo

Python3+Requests+Excel完整接口自动化框架

时间:2019-10-09 15:02   阅读:24次   来源:博客园
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框架整体使用Python3+Requests+Excel:包含对实时token的获取

 

 

1、------base

  -------runmethond.py

 runmethond:对不同的请求方式进行封装

import json
import requests

requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings()

class RunMethod:
    def post_main(self, url, data, header=None):
        res = None
        if header != None:
            res = requests.post(url=url, data=data, headers=header,verify=False)
        else:
            res = requests.post(url=url, data=data,verify=False)
        return res.json()

    def get_main(self, url, data=None, header=None):
        res = None
        if header != None:
            res = requests.get(url=url, params=data, headers=header, verify=False)
        else:
            res = requests.get(url=url, params=data, verify=False)
        return res.json()

    def run_main(self, method, url, data=None, header=None):
        res = None
        if method == 'Post':
            res = self.post_main(url, data, header)
        else:
            res = self.get_main(url, data, header)
        return json.dumps(res, indent=2, sort_keys=True, ensure_ascii=False)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    url = 'http://httpbin.org/post'
    data = {
        'cart': '11'
    }
    run = RunMethod()
    run_test = run.run_main(method="Post", url=url, data=data)
    print(run_test)

2、------data

  ------data_config.py

  data_config:获取excel模块中数据

class global_val:
    Id = '0'
    request_name = '1'
    url = '2'
    run = '3'
    request_way = '4'
    header = '5'
    case_depend = '6'
    data_depend = '7'
    field_depend = '8'
    data = '9'
    expect = '10'
    result = '11'


def get_id():
    """获取case_id"""
    return global_val.Id


def get_request_name():
    """获取请求模块名称"""
    return global_val.request_name


def get_url():
    """获取请求url"""
    return global_val.url


def get_run():
    """获取是否运行"""
    return global_val.run


def get_run_way():
    """获取请求方式"""
    return global_val.request_way


def get_header():
    """获取是否携带header"""
    return global_val.header


def get_case_depend():
    """case依赖"""
    return global_val.case_depend


def get_data_depend():
    """依赖的返回数据"""
    return global_val.data_depend


def get_field_depend():
    """数据依赖字段"""
    return global_val.field_depend


def get_data():
    """获取请求数据"""
    return global_val.data


def get_expect():
    """获取预期结果"""
    return global_val.expect


def get_result():
    """获取返回结果"""
    return global_val.result

3、-----data

  -----dependent_data.py

  dependent_data:解决数据依赖问题

from util.operation_excel import OperationExcel
from base.runmethod import RunMethod
from data.get_data import GetData
from jsonpath_rw import jsonpath, parse
import json


class DependentData:
    """解决数据依赖问题"""

    def __init__(self, case_id):
        self.case_id = case_id
        self.opera_excel = OperationExcel()
        self.data = GetData()

    def get_case_line_data(self):
        """
        通过case_id去获取该case_id的整行数据
        :param case_id: 用例ID
        :return:
        """
        rows_data = self.opera_excel.get_row_data(self.case_id)
        return rows_data

    def run_dependent(self):
        """
        执行依赖测试,获取结果
        :return:
        """
        run_method = RunMethod()
        row_num = self.opera_excel.get_row_num(self.case_id)
        request_data = self.data.get_data_for_json(row_num)
        # header = self.data.is_header(row_num)
        method = self.data.get_request_method(row_num)
        url = self.data.get_request_url(row_num)
        res = run_method.run_main(method, url, request_data)
        return json.loads(res)

    def get_data_for_key(self, row):
        """
        根据依赖的key去获取执行依赖case的响应然后返回
        :return:
        """
        depend_data = self.data.get_depend_key(row)
        response_data = self.run_dependent()
        return [match.value for match in parse(depend_data).find(response_data)][0]

4、-----data

  -----get_data.py

  get_data:获取excel数据

from util.operation_excel import OperationExcel
from data import data_config
from util.operation_json import OperationJson


class GetData:
    """获取excel数据"""

    def __init__(self):
        self.opera_excel = OperationExcel()

    def get_case_lines(self):
        """获取excel行数,即case的个数"""
        return self.opera_excel.get_lines()

    def get_is_run(self, row):
        """获取是否执行"""
        flag = None
        col = int(data_config.get_run())
        run_model = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        if run_model == 'yes':
            flag = True
        else:
            flag = False
        return flag

    def is_header(self, row):
        """
        是否携带header
        :param row: 行号
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_header())
        header = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        if header != '':
            return header
        else:
            return None

    def get_request_method(self, row):
        """
        获取请求方式
        :param row: 行号
        :return:
        """
        # col 列
        col = int(data_config.get_run_way())
        request_method = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        return request_method

    def get_request_url(self, row):
        """
        获取url
        :param row: 行号
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_url())
        url = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        return url

    def get_request_data(self, row):
        """
        获取请求数据
        :param row:行号
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_data())
        data = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        if data == '':
            return None
        return data

    def get_data_for_json(self, row):
        """
        通过关键字拿到data数据
        :param row:
        :return:
        """
        opera_json = OperationJson()
        request_data = opera_json.get_data(self.get_request_data(row))
        return request_data

    def get_expcet_data(self, row):
        """
        获取预期结果
        :param row:
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_expect())
        expect = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        if expect == "":
            return None
        else:
            return expect

    def write_result(self, row, value):
        """
        写入结果数据
        :param row:
        :param col:
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_result())
        self.opera_excel.write_value(row, col, value)

    def get_depend_key(self, row):
        """
        获取依赖数据的key
        :param row:行号
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_data_depend())
        depend_key = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        if depend_key == "":
            return None
        else:
            return depend_key

    def is_depend(self, row):
        """
        判断是否有case依赖
        :param row:行号
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_case_depend())  # 获取是否存在数据依赖列
        depend_case_id = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        if depend_case_id == "":
            return None
        else:
            return depend_case_id

    def get_depend_field(self, row):
        """
        获取依赖字段
        :param row:
        :return:
        """
        col = int(data_config.get_field_depend())
        data = self.opera_excel.get_cell_value(row, col)
        if data == "":
            return None
        else:
            return data

5、-----dataconfig

  -----case.xls

  case.xls:用例数据

 

 6、-----dataconfig

  -----data.json

  data.json:请求数据,跟据自己实际业务,且与case层的请求数据列是关联的

{
  "user": {
    "username": "1111111",
    "password": "123456"
  },
  "filtrate": {
    "type_id": "2",
    "brand_id": "1",
    "model_id": "111"
  },
  "search": {
    "page": "1",
    "keyword": "oppo",
    "type": "12"
  },
  "token": {
    "token": ""
  }

7、-----dataconfig

  -----token.json

  token.json:实时自动将获取的token写入到该文件

{"data": {"token": "db6f0abee4e5040f5337f5c47a82879"}}

8、-----main

  -----run_test.py

  run_test:主运行程序

from base.runmethod import RunMethod
from data.get_data import GetData
from util.common_util import CommonUtil
from data.dependent_data import DependentData
# from util.send_email import SendEmail
from util.operation_header import OperationHeader
from util.operation_json import OperationJson


class RunTest:

    def __init__(self):
        self.run_method = RunMethod()
        self.data = GetData()
        self.com_util = CommonUtil()
        # self.send_email = SendEmail()

    def go_on_run(self):
        """程序执行"""
        pass_count = []
        fail_count = []
        res = None
        # 获取用例数
        rows_count = self.data.get_case_lines()
        # 第一行索引为0
        for i in range(1, rows_count):
            is_run = self.data.get_is_run(i)
            if is_run:
                url = self.data.get_request_url(i)
                method = self.data.get_request_method(i)
                request_data = self.data.get_data_for_json(i)
                expect = self.data.get_expcet_data(i)
                header = self.data.is_header(i)
                depend_case = self.data.is_depend(i)

                if depend_case != None:
                    self.depend_data = DependentData(depend_case)
                    # 获取依赖的响应数据
                    depend_response_data = self.depend_data.get_data_for_key(i)
                    # 获取依赖的key
                    depend_key = self.data.get_depend_field(i)
                    # 更新请求字段
                    request_data[depend_key] = depend_response_data
                # 如果header字段值为write则将该接口的返回的token写入到token.json文件,如果为yes则读取token.json文件
                if header == "write":
                    res = self.run_method.run_main(method, url, request_data)
                    op_header = OperationHeader(res)
                    op_header.write_token()
                elif header == 'yes':
                    op_json = OperationJson("../dataconfig/token.json")
                    token = op_json.get_data('data')
                    request_data = dict(request_data, **token)  # 把请求数据与登录token合并,并作为请求数据

                    res = self.run_method.run_main(method, url, request_data)
                else:
                    res = self.run_method.run_main(method, url, request_data)

                if expect != None:
                    if self.com_util.is_contain(expect, res):
                        self.data.write_result(i, "Pass")
                        pass_count.append(i)
                    else:
                        self.data.write_result(i, res)
                        fail_count.append(i)
                else:
                    print(f"用例ID:case-{i},预期结果不能为空")

        # 发送邮件
        # self.send_email.send_main(pass_count, fail_count)

        print(f"通过用例数:{len(pass_count)}")
        print(f"失败用例数:{len(fail_count)}")


if __name__ == '__main__':
    run = RunTest()
    run.go_on_run()

9、-----util

  -----common_util.py

  common_util:用于断言

class CommonUtil:
    def is_contain(self, str_one, str_two):
        """
        判断一个字符串是否在另一个字符串中
        :param str_one:
        :param str_two:
        :return:
        """
        flag = None
        if str_one in str_two:
            flag = True
        else:
            flag = False
        return flag

10、-----util

  -----operation_excel.py

  operation_excel:操作excel

import xlrd
from xlutils.copy import copy


class OperationExcel:
    """操作excel"""

    def __init__(self, file_name=None, sheet_id=None):
        if file_name:
            self.file_name = file_name
            self.sheet_id = sheet_id
        else:
            self.file_name ='../dataconfig/case1.xls'
            self.sheet_id = 0
        self.data = self.get_data()

    def get_data(self):
        """
        获取sheets的内容
        :return:
        """
        data = xlrd.open_workbook(self.file_name)
        tables = data.sheets()[self.sheet_id]
        return tables

    def get_lines(self):
        """
        获取单元格行数
        :return:
        """
        tables = self.data
        return tables.nrows

    def get_cell_value(self, row, col):
        """
        获取单元格数据
        :param row: 行
        :param col: 列
        :return:
        """
        tables = self.data
        cell = tables.cell_value(row, col)
        return cell

    def write_value(self, row, col, value):
        """
        回写数据到excel
        :param row:行
        :param col:列
        :param value:值
        :return:
        """
        read_data = xlrd.open_workbook(self.file_name)
        write_data = copy(read_data)
        sheet_data = write_data.get_sheet(0)
        sheet_data.write(row, col, value)
        write_data.save(self.file_name)

    def get_row_data(self, case_id):
        """
        根据对应的case_id获取对应行的内容
        :param case_id: 用例id
        :return:
        """
        row_num = self.get_row_num(case_id)
        row_data = self.get_row_value(row_num)
        return row_data

    def get_row_num(self, case_id):
        """
        根据case_id获取对应行号
        :param case_id:
        :return:
        """
        num = 0
        cols_data = self.get_cols_data()
        for col_data in cols_data:
            if case_id in col_data:
                return num
            num = num + 1

    def get_row_value(self, row):
        """
         根据行号,找到该行的内容
        :param row:行号
        :return:

        """
        tables = self.data
        row_data = tables.row_values(row)
        return row_data

    def get_cols_data(self, col_id=None):
        """
        获取某一列的内容
        :param col_id:列号
        :return:
        """
        if col_id != None:
            cols = self.data.col_values(col_id)
        else:
            cols = self.data.col_values(0)
        return
                         
                 

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* 这里是“吐槽厅”,所有人可看,只保留当天信息。

  • Erlo.vip2019-10-24 02:29:29Hello、欢迎使用吐槽厅,这里是个吐槽的地方。
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